A circle of famous nine persons known as Nine Gems or Navaratnas were present in the court of Vikramaditya. The nine gems of the group were..
KALIDAS was a famous Sanskrit writer and poet in the court of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya). He is commonly regarded as the greatest poet in the Sanskrit language. Kalidasa was the author of three famous plays. Those are:
1) Abhijnanasakuntalam : tells the story of King Dushyanta and Shakuntala
2) Malavikagnimitram : tells the story love of King Agnimitra with Malavika
3) Vikramorvasiyam : tells the love story of King Pururavas and celestial fairy Urvashi
Kalidasa was also the author of two famous Sanskrit epic poems: 1)Raghuvamsa (“Raghu Dynasty “) and 2) Kumarasambhava.
VETAL BHATTA was a Brahmin in the court of Vikramaditya. He is known for his contribution of “Nitipradipa “.
VARAHAMIHIRA was an Indian astronomer, astrologer and mathematician of Gupta era. He is famously known for his great work Pancha Siddhantika, a book on mathematical astronomy. His other important contribution to the Indian Sanskrit literature is the Brihat-Samhita, an encyclopedia of astrology and other subjects of human interest.
VARAUCI was one of the nine Gems in the court of Chandragupta II of Gupta era.
AMARASIMHA was one of the nine Gems in the court of Vikramaditya of Gupta era. He is notably known for his famous Sanskrit thesaurus Amarakosha. It is also known as Namalinganushasana.
DHANVANTARI is regarded as one of the world’s first surgeons and medical practitioner from Gupta era. He is considered as the origin exponent ofAyurveda. He is also worshipped as the God of Medicine. Sushruta, the author of famous Sushruta Samhita was the student of Dhanvantari. He is also credited for the discovery of the antiseptic properties of turmeric and the preservative properties of salt. Dhanvantari is considered to be the pioneer of modern plastic surgery.