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Netaji Subash Chandra Bose : Prominent Leader of Indian Independence Movement

NETAJI-SUBASH-CHANDRA-BOSE (1)Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against the British Raj in India. Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha. Father Janakinath Bose and mother Prabhavati Devi. He got admitted to the Presidency College where he studied briefly. His nationalistic temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for the latter’s anti-India comments. Later, he joined Scottish Church College under University of Calcutta and passed his B.A. in 1918 in philosophy. Subhas Chandra Bose left India in 1919 for Great Britain with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS). He went to study in Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, and matriculated on 19 November 1919. He came fourth in the ICS examination and was selected but he did not want to work under an alien government which would mean serving the British. He resigned from the civil service job and returned to India. He started the newspaper ‘Swaraj’ and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.  In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison in Mandalay.. The Indian National Army (INA) was originally founded by Captain General Mohan Singh in Singapore on 1 September 1942 with Japan’s Indian POWs in the Far East. This was along the concept of and with support of what was then known as the Indian Independence League, headed by expatriate nationalist leader Rash Bihari Bose. The first INA was however disbanded in December after disagreements between the Hikari Kikan and Mohan Singh, who came to believe that the Japanese High Command was using the INA as a mere pawn and propaganda tool. Mohan Singh was taken into custody and the troops returned to the prisoner-of-war camp. However, the idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Far East in 1943. In July, at a meeting in Singapore, Rash Behari Bose handed over control of the organization to Subhas Chandra Bose. Bose was able to reorganize the fledgling army and organize massive support among the expatriate Indian population in south-east Asia, who lent their support by both enlisting in the Indian National Army, as well as financially in response to Bose’s calls for sacrifice for the national cause. The Disappearance of Subhas Chandra Bose relates to the series of incidents that developed from the disappearance of Subhas Chandra Bose, the supreme commander of Azad Hind Fauj and Free India Legion, during the closing stages of the Second World War. It was announced by Japan that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945. But it has long been the subject of dispute.

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