The policy of Doctrine of Lapse, heavy taxation, evictions, discriminatory tariff policy against Indian products and destruction of traditional handicrafts that hit peasants, artisans and small zamindars. Indian soldiers were paid low salaries, they could rise above the rank of subedar and were racially insulted. The introduction of Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was geased with animal fat, provided the spark, British social reforms like widow re-marriage, abolition of sati, education for girls, Christians missionaries. And causes of failure, the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Raja of Jodhpur, Scindia of Gwalior, the Holkar of Indore, the rulers of Patiala, Sindh and Kashmir and the Raja of Nepal provided active support to the British and comparative lack of efficient leadership. Lastly. impact of the revolt was, the control of Indian administrative was passed on to the British Crown by the Government of India Act 1858, re-organisation of army and the British pursued the policy of Devide and Rule.